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1883
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21mar
clear clear Social Purity Society of South Australia Formation of the Ladies' Branch, a large and influential organisation. [Observer 24 Mar 1883]
The ladies' division, led by Mrs Mary Colton, Mrs Rose Birks, and Mrs Mary Lee, soon "began to realise that a propelling motor on the down grade of womanhood was that they had no recognition as citizens." A decision was therefore taken "to urge by every legitimate means the course of woman's suffrage in this colony." The Women's Suffrage League develops out of the Social Purity Society. [Helen Jones, In her own name]
1884
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21mar
clear clear Formation of the United Trades and Labor Council. A meeting of delegates from various trades and labour associations is held in the Selbourne Hotel. At this meeting a decision is taken to form the United Trades and Labor Council. [SRG 73, series list, p.2]
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28feb
The Married Women's Property Act 1883-4 assented to.

This Act "for the first time [in South Australia] gave women control over their own property and earnings after marriage ..." [Helen Jones, "South Australian women and politics" in The Flinders history of South Australia. Political history]

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16jun
Hon John Colton becomes Premier of South Australia.
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14nov
The Taxation Act 1884 assented to.
[Women's suffrage supporters believed that if women were taxed they should also have the vote. For example, in 1891 a petition in favour of women's suffrage presented in Parliament [SAPP 171/1891] states "it has long been recognised as one of the fundamentals on which the Government of this province has been established that the contributories of taxation to the cost of Government are entitled to Parliamentary representation."]
1885
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21mar
clear clear Hon John William Downer becomes Premier of South Australia.
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22jul
Extension of the Franchise to Unmarried Women. Resolution 1885
(House of Assembly)
Dr E.C. Stirling moves (amid cheers) - "That in the opinion of this House, women, except while under coverture, who fulfil the conditions and possess the qualifications on which the parliamentary franchise for the Legislative Council is granted to men, shall, like them, be admitted to the franchise for both Houses of Parliament."
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5aug
Extension of the Franchise to Unmarried Women.
Resolution 1885(House of Assembly)
Adjourned debate on motion of Dr E.C. Stirling.
Motion Carried.
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18aug
Extension of the Franchise to Unmarried Women.
Resolution 1885 (House of Assembly)
Dr E.C. Stirling asks whether the government intends to bring in a Bill to carry out the recent resolution of the House that the parliamentary franchise should be ex- tended to women.
The Hon J.W. Downer replies that although the resolution meets with his approval, it is not the Government's intention to bring in a Bill. If, however, the hon. member wishes to do so the Government would give him every assistance.
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2sep
Constitution Act Amendment Bill 1885 (House of Assembly)

Mr E.W. Hawker, in the absence of Dr E.C. Stirling, seeks leave to introduce this Bill. [Leave granted but Bill not proceeded with.]

1885
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8apr
clear clear The Woman's Christian Temperance Union is started in Adelaide by Mrs Mary Clement Leavitt of America, first round-the-world missionary of the organisation. [Elizabeth Webb Nicholls, a founding member of the W.C.T.U., state president 1889-1897 and 1906-1927; national president 1894-1903] [Isabel McCorkindale, Torchbearers]
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10jun
Letter to the Editor, from "A Daughter of South Australia", on woman's sphere, published in Register.
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16jun
Constitution Act Amendment Bill 1886 (House of Assembly)

Dr E.C. Stirling moves for leave to introduce a Bill to further amend the Constitution Act and the Electoral Act of 1879. The Bill is based exactly on the resolution passed by the House last session. Motion carried. The Bill is introduced and read a first time.

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17jun
Letters to the Editor, from "Another Daughter of South Australia" and "Observer", on woman's sphere, published in Register.
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22jun
Letter to the Editor, from "A Daughter of South Australia", on women's sphere, published in Register.
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28jun
Letter to the Editor, from J.Z. Sellar, on woman's suffrage, published in Register.
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29jun
Letter to the Editor, from "Observer", on women's sphere, published in Register.
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2jul
Letter to the Editor, from "Spectator", on woman's sphere, published in Register.
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9jul
At a meeting of the United Trades and Labor Council it is moved "that in the opinion of this Council the franchise should be extended to all women over the age of 21." The motion is carried by a bare majority. [U.T.L.C. Minutes]
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20jul
Petition presented in Parliament (House of Assembly) signed by the president of the [United] Trades and Labor Council and 28 delegates representing the trades societies of Adelaide praying that the property qualification in the Bill for an Act to amend the Constitution Act and the Electoral Act of 1879 should be amended, and that the franchise might be extended to women irrespective of property or wealth. [SAPP 85/1886]
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21jul
Constitution Act Amendment Bill 1886 (House of Assembly)
Second reading.
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28jul
Constitution Act Amendment Bill 1886 (House of Assembly)
Adjourned debate on second reading.
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29jul
Letters to the Editor, from "D.C.L." and J.C. Kirby, on women's suffrage, published in Register.
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16aug
Letter to the Editor, from "A Woman", on the franchise for women, published in Register.
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18aug
Constitution Act Amendment Bill 1886 (House of Assembly)
Adjourned debate on second reading.
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24aug
Letter to the Editor, from "A Matron", on woman's franchise, published in Register.
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8sep
Constitution Act Amendment Bill 1886 (House of Assembly)
Adjourned debate on second reading.
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22sep
Constitution Act Amendment Bill 1886 (House of Assembly)
Adjourned debate on second reading.
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130ct
Constitution Act Amendment Bill 1886 (House of Assembly)
Adjourned debate on second reading.
The second reading is declared carried, final vote:- Ayes 19, Noes 17. There is not an absolute majority, and the Bill cannot be further proceeded with.
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270ct
Letter to the Editor, from John Robertson, on women's rights and wrongs, published in Register.

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Last update on 1 October 1997
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