PIONEERS AND SETTLERS BOUND FOR SOUTH AUSTRALIA

HMS BUFFALO 1836

This 3 mast ship was built in 1813 in Calcutta and named HINDOSTAN.
That same year the Royal Navy purchased this ship as a storeship/timber carrier and renamed it The BUFFALO.

Departed: Spithead, England on July 11th, St Helens on August 3rd, Rio de Janeiro on October 12th, 1836.
Arrived: Pt Lincoln on December 24th 1838 and Nepean Bay (Kangaroo Island) on December 28th 1836
Master: John Hindmarsh (Governor of the new colony of South Australia)


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CLICK HERE to view a map of the HMS BUFFALO's voyage

An advertisement announcing the voyage of the HMS BUFFALO to South Australia


Captain John HINDMARSH
Hindmarsh was an inexperienced administrator, and was often a central figure in the disputes which plagued the early Colony.
Even in the naming of Adelaide's streets, Hindmarsh was in dispute. Intense lobbying followed
and the Governor's long list of 'naval hero' suggestions was reduced by more than half.
No-one was surprised when he was replaced eighteen months later on July 16th, by Governor Gawler.

MARINES: Governor John Hindmarsh retained ten marines from HMS Buffalo both as protectors for the embryo settlement
and vice-regal guards. In the first task they were a signal failure and with the second a dubious success,
for they were a roisterous, rioting crew who did as they liked, drank when they could and,
like the praetorian guards of ancient Rome, would almost have taken control of the colony
had not the Governor occasionally tied their ringleaders to a tree for a time to sober the brain and dampen the spirit.
Sly grog shanty keepers were the only mourners when those blunderers left in the ALLIGATOR in 1838. PRG 280/1/15/190
While complaints rose high against the depredations of the armed banditry, that sallied forth nightly on infant Adelaide,
peace officers had to be appointed to control the roistering Buffalo marines, the nominal guardians of the law.
Yet, from such a paradox South Australia's police force sprang.

OFFICERS
          Master James WOOD
          Senior Master Jos CHEGWYN
          2nd Master James BOWLER
          2nd Master N C PHILLIPS
          Master's Assist Thomas Frederick CHEESMAN
          Surgeon James JACKSON
          Asst Surgeon Francis P PASCOE
          Clerk (Purser) William EALES

PASSENGERS

Click here to view ANNOTATED LISTS OF THE PASSENGERS travelling on the BUFFALO from England to South Australia in 1836
A typescript copy of the original list held in the Colonial Secretary's Office in London.
Annotations to the typescript were made by the archivist who processed the record. Individual passengers have been grouped together as members of families, with the age of children recorded as either under or over 15 years.

The annotations sometimes give references to related material, including inscriptions on the original document by Sir John Hindmarsh. Source: D7454
Family names include Hindmarsh, Fisher, Stevenson, Howard, Strangways, Sladdon, Breaker, Moore, Cock, Bennet, Chittleborough, Middleton, Oakley, Harvey, Abbot, Walker, Broadbent, Adams, Ferguson and many others totalling 173 passengers.

Many of the women and children lived on board the vessels while the men built houses of reeds at Holdfast Bay (Glenelg) and then in the vicinity of Adelaide. Some who came out on the HMS BUFFALO set up temporary shelters in Buffalo Row on the north-western corner of the proposed city, others settled in Forbes Square in the West Parklands, while others established Coromandel Row a little to the east of Buffalow Row. These 'ship' settlements enabled friendships established on the voyage to continue.

View the Muster Book for HMS BUFFALO's journey to South Australia

View Passenger List contained within "A Folder of Newspaper Clippings",
available at the State Library of South Australia - SLSA Source 58






CREW - most recorded in the newspaper of the day.
Richard ADAMS [omitted from Purser's list],
      possibly related to John William ADAMS on same voyage
John BAMBER
Cornelius BEAN [omitted from Purser's list],
      possibly related to Jonathon/Jonathan BEAN on same voyage
George BECK
Henry BENHAM
James BOWLER, Second Officer
James BRADDING [omitted from Purser's list]
George BRAND
Thomas BROWN
Hugh BRYAN [omitted from Purser's list]
Joseph BUDDEN
Edward BURT
James BUTT
Robert CAMP
George CHARLES
James CHARTON
Charles Thomas CLARK
Henry COLLEYS
Richard COX
William DOWSE
William DEVELLY
David DUCKETT name provided by Clerk's son but not elsewhere]
William EALES Senior - Clerk's son
William [?] EALES Junior - Clerk's son
George M FERGUSON [possibly related to William FERGUSON on same voyage]
Joseph FIELD
John FOSTER
John FOWLES [omitted from Purser's list but listed in the OBSERVER]
Joseph FOWLES [omitted from Purser's list but listed in the OBSERVER]
William GOLDSMITH
Richard GRABB AB
Thomas GRABB AB
Joseph HALL died 30 Aug 1836
James HENNY
John HILL OBIT, possibly related to Mrs Robert K HILL [on same voyage]
George HUGHES
Samuel HUMBY
Henry JACOBS
Daniel Edward JAMES
William JERRON
James JOHNSTON
George JONES
William JOURDAN [name provided by Clerk's son but not elsewhere]
Alexander KENNEDY
James KNIGHT
William LAVELL
Richard LOVEDER [omitted from Purser's list but listed in the OBSERVER]
Hugh MACK
James MARSHALL [name provided by Clerk's son but not elsewhere]
Henry MEECH
Thomas MELVIN [name provided by Clerk's son but not elsewhere]
John MERIDITH
Charles MOON
Thomas MURPHY
Joseph NAPPER
William NEILL (1)
William NEILL (2)
Joseph OLIVER
William OLIVER [name provided by Clerk's son but not elsewhere]
William PAIN
Thomas PALMER
William PARSONS
Francis Polkinghorne PASCOE, Dr
William PERRINGTON
N C PHILLIPS
Stephen PURSETER
George RIX
John ROWLANDS
William SANDERS
William SEVAL
Charles SINCE [omitted from Purser's list but listed in the OBSERVER]
John STOREY lost overboard 16 Sep 1836
William STOUT
Thomas SULLIVAN
Frederick WEYER
William WHEELER [omitted from Purser's list but listed in the OBSERVER]
      possibly related to James WHEELER on same voyage
Richard WHEYLEN name provided by Clerk's son but not elsewhere
John WILLIAMS
David WOOD
James WOOD senior
James WOOD Junior
John WORLEY


HMS Alligator arrived in Holdfast Bay, SA on July 10th 1838 to collect the recently recalled Governor Hindmarsh and the Marines from HMS Buffalo. They left on July 14th 1838, bound for Sydney and the Cobourg Peninsula. It is interesting to wonder how the Captain of the HMS Aligator, Captain Sir J. Gordon Bremer (KCH, CB) coped with the ex-Governor once they left South Australia.

The South Australian community were quite concerned when they learnt about the lack of military protection.
MARINES
Joseph BLANDON
Joseph CHANDLER
John COLLETT
Joseph DAVIS
Samuel DAVIS
James FISH
James GARDNER
Henry GRAVES
Corporal William HALDRON
Henry KING
Corporal Richard MEW
James MOUNTAIN
Thomas PAIN
Samuel W RESTORICK Robert SEAGER
Sergeant James STRUGNELL disrated 17 May 1837
John WADCOT
James WAY
Robert WESSON

HISTORY OF THE VESSEL

Builder: Bonner & Horsburgh at Calcutta Launched: 4 Jan 1813 Name: Hindostan 1813
Description: teak vessel of 589 tons bm, 98.8'x 15.8' Voyage: Feb to Aug 1813 - Calcutta to ENG
Owner: 7 Oct 1913 - sold to UK Navy (Minutes Oct 22, 1813)
Name: renamed Buffalo 1813
Event: fitted for transport of mast timbers,
Location: 1814 to 1815 - army depot at Bermuda, master - Richard Anderson Master: Feb 1816 to W Hudson
Location: 1822 to 1831 - at Deptford, Use: 1832 - quarantine service at Stangate
Voyage: 12 May 1833 to 5 Oct 1833 - ENG to Sydney with 187 female convicts
Voyage: 10 Nov 1833 - depart Sydney for NZ for cargo of spars
Voyage: NZ, Cape Horn, ENG with cargo of spars
Event: Jan 1835 - paid off. Event: Jan 1835 - recommissioned
Association: 9 Apr 1835 - convict fitting plans returned to Somerset House
Event: July 1836 - fitted for emigrants
Voyage: 1836 - ENG to SA, master John Hindmarsh
HMS BUFFALO left South Australia on June 14th 1837 and proceeded to New Zealand.
During a gale two years later, the BUFFALO parted from her cables whilst at Mercury Bay, NZ to load kauri spars for England, and was driven ashore to become a total loss.

VOYAGES OF THE HMS BUFFALO [1836-1840]



Voyage: 25 Mar 1837 to 6 Apr 1837 - Australia to NZ for kauri spars
Whilst there, a boat's crew of twelve men with a midshipman in charge, was sent ashore.
They were attacked by the natives, killed and eaten.
The middy was young Field, the son of Lieutenant Field who commanded the BUFFALO.

Voyage: 13 May 1837 - depart Sydney for Plymouth with timber
Event: 9 Apr 1838 - helped refloat brig Emma near TAS

Voyage: 2 Oct 1839 to 12 Feb 1840 - Quebec CAN to Hobart Town with 143 male
Canadian convicts. 82 landed Hobart, rest sent on to Sydney
Location: 19 Feb 1839 - arrived Sydney

Voyage: 5 Apr 1839 - depart Sydney for NZ
Event: loaded kauri spars
End: 28 Jul 1840 - wrecked Mercury Bay NZ

SOURCES:
http://www.users.on.net/proformat/buffpax.html
Purser's accounts [SASR A538/B8] - crew list
Colonial Office report by Hindmarsh [PRO CO3/4 pp135/45]