Place Names of South Australia - B
Bungala, River - Burford Gardens
In the Hundred of Yankalilla, an Aboriginal name adopted for a house built on section 1171 by Eli Butterworth circa 1860. He and his brother John owned and operated a steam powered flour mill on adjoining land. The house has been restored and today it is a gracious home of 16 rooms.
The laying of the foundation stone of a bridge is reported in the Observer,
28 March 1868, page 5f.
Information on the river is in the Register,
19 June 1909, page 11d,
30 July 1909, page 9c.
Historical details of Bungala House are in the Observer, 11 March 1922, page 28c:
Bungala House was built in the 1860s for Eli Butterworth who owned the Bungala Mill, adjacent to the property. Upon his death the mill passed to John Butterworth who jogged up and down every day to Yankalilla to confer with his faithful clerk, J. Woodcock, who had the oversight of the mill. Later the house was owned by E.M. Graham, the son of John Benjamin Graham, one of the first directors of the Burra mine. When the first settlers arrived in the district in 1838 the river was nothing but a chain of surface water holes which could be easily stepped across. The furrow of a plough is accountable in the first place for the tremendous chasm that now exists. Beneath the banks and imbedded therein are half-washed away gum trees which hang over the river more and more as the earth is removed from their roots at every successive winter flood. The banks of the river were favourite burial places for the natives who were able to turn over the soft earth with sharp sticks.
In 1893, H.C. Talbot was informed by an old colonist, Mr Beare: 'In 1841 James Hawker camped with sheep at a waterhole in their country, which they called "Bungaree''.' The Aborigines knew the district as watchenappee.
Information on early settlement is in the Register,
11 April 1881, page 1c (supp.).
A shearing match is discussed in the Observer,
2 December 1848, page 4c.
"The Shearing at Bungaree" is in the Advertiser,
6 November 1880, page 6e.
Also see South Australia - Industries - Rural, Primary and Secondary - Sheep and Shearing.
The opening of Saint Michael's Church is reported in the Register,
14 November 1864, page 3e.
Information on the church and the school is in the Advertiser,
10 April 1875, page 2f.
Its school opened in 1868 and closed in 1931.
A horse race meeting is reported in the Register,
16 November 1870, page 3f.
Also see South Australia - Sport - Horse Racing.
The district is described in the Register,
5 October 1874, page 6d and
the station on
28 November 1903, page 8e.
Sketches are in the Pictorial Australian in
August 1881, page 120,
September 1887, page 136,
27 May 1905, page 25.
Biographical details of John Noble are in the Observer,
3 October 1903, page 23a;
an obituary appears on 18 July 1914, page 39b.
"The Bungaree Stud and Flock" is in the Observer,
31 October 1903, page 13d.
"North Bungaree - Sold to the Government" is in the Register,
25 July 1913, page 13c.
"Station Hand Charged With Murder" is in the Express,
13 September 1915, page 4g,
6 and 13 November 1915, pages 24b and 45a.
An obituary of James Caden is in the Observer,
24 November 1917, page 40a.
BungawarrinaIn the Far North. Aboriginal for "white ribs" - the adjacent hills resemble in one aspect the ribs of a camel - see Observer, 26 October 1889, page 34d.
A railway station on the Cummins-Buckleboo line in the Hundred of Solomon south-west of Kimba. T Aboriginal for 'long distance' or 'far away'.
A photograph of water tanks at the railway siding is in the Chronicle,
5 May 1923, page 31.
On the River Murray, Hundred of Murtho about 46 km above the present-day site of Renmark. The paddle-steamer Bunyip was burnt there on 9 December 1863.
Also see Place Names - Murray River.
An account of the steamer's first voyage up the Murray is in the Observer,
6 February 1858, page 3h,
2, 5 and 6 January 1864, pages 3b, 2h and 3e,
17 February 1864, page 2g.
A first-hand account of her loss, narrated by Mr E.B. Scott, is in the Register,
1 March 1902, page 8g:
Mr. E.B. Scott, the owner of Morunna Run, 20 miles below Wentworth, took passage in the Bunyip as she passed by his station. She was owned by Captain William Randell, who was the first to use a steamer for commercial purposes on the river. Ten miles above the Chowilla Station the alarm of fire was given... The captain and crew were cut off from the stern of the ship, the man at the wheel bolted, and the ship was left without guidance... As I ran through the saloon the fire was following me closely and as I passed the engine room the engineer asked me for God's sake to save him. I told him to seize a plank and jump overboard.
I attempted so save several women and placed a burned one in aboat and went back for the fourth female, but she and a little one were burnt to death and I had to make a lightning retreat, for the flames were all around me. I jumped into the boat and picked up two of the crew and rowed to the left bank of the river where I met Captain Randell and some of the crew and after a short consultation I went down in the boat to Chowilla Station with the women.
It was a pitiable sight as we floated downstream to witness the sufferings of the poor burnt women, whose sores I was not able to cover for want of clothing, for our usual garments were burnt... After a short stay a mailcart came along and I took a seat on it and thus reached Adelaide, bootless, and with scanty garments.
14 December 1863, page 4c for W.R. Randell's account.
BurbankSee Barker, Mount.
Burdett, Hundred of
The Hundred was named after Baroness Burdett-Coutts. When she was 23 she inherited immense wealth (almost £2m) from the estate of her grandfather, Thomas Coutts, a prominent banker. The Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) described her as 'after my mother, the most remarkable woman in the kingdom'.
"Our Building Stone - A Trip to the Burdett Quarry" is in the Chronicle,
5 October 1901, page 31e;
a photograph appears on
12 September 1903, page 44 - Also see South Australia - Industries - Rural, Primary and Secondary - Building Stone:
The difficulty of obtaining building stone of a superior class is a problem which has faced the building trade in Adelaide, when any large contracts have had to be fulfilled. Mr. Walter C. Torode is now endeavouring to overcome the difficulty. I accompanied him to the Burdett Quarry about 11 miles from Murray Bridge... The Tyro was easily swung alongside the massive and well built stone jetty at Burdett Quarry...There are 25 men engaged there and the white tents in which they live have the appearance of a military encampment. Mr. Torode has removed thither his entire quarrying plant from Stirling West and is preparing actively to get out the stone required for the spires of St Peter's Cathedral and also the supply for the Woodville Post Office which will be the first Federal post office to be erected in this state...
Its school operated from 1902 until 1935; see Register,
30 November 1911, page 3e,
9 December 1911, page 18a.
Biographical details of Baroness Burdett-Coutts are in the Advertiser,
10 April 1860, page 3d;
her obituary is in the Register,
1 January 1907, pages 6d-8c;
also see 5 January 1907, page 8d,
4 February 1907, page 8e.
A subdivision of part section 1001, Hundred of Port Adelaide by W.H. Burford & Sons Ltd in 1922 'for the benefit of employees and others who desire to reside close to their work in a great industrial centre...' Now included in Dry Creek.
Also see Adelaide - Factories and Mills.
William Burford (1807-1895), the founder of the Company, arrived in South Australia in 1838 in the Pestonjee Bomanjee after which he started soap-making, but he over-reached himself and became bankrupt in 1841.
His second start was less spectacular. Competition was fierce and his business was not safe until he landed the contract for supplying candles to the Burra copper mine. After that he never looked back. Prosperity smiled on all his enterprises. Yet Burford was no money grubber. A friendly Cockney, he loved good company and hated loneliness.
He had a passion for singing and his quartet was always in popular demand. Wealth brought him no snobbish conceits though it left him socially stranded... Radical in politics and religion he became a leader in unpopular minority groups.(Douglas Pike)
25, 26 and 30 January 1855, pages 2e-4b, 3e and 2d.
A letter from W.H. Burford, headed "Soap Factories", is in the Register,
30 June 1866, page 3b. On 27 August 1875 he had a letter published in the Register, page 5b when, on the subject of taxation, he said, inter alia, "the only legitimate sources of taxation are unquestionably property and income..."
A complaint about the factory is in the Register, 27 May 1884, page 4g.
Also see Adelaide - Public Nuisances.
The company's factory in Sturt Street is described in the Register,
3 November 1886, page 3h; also see
20 November 1897, page 7a.
9 May 1891, page 31a,
1 September 1894, page 29d.
His obituary appears on
24 October 1895, page 6g.
The company's jubilee is reported in the Advertiser,
4 November 1890, page 6f and
its history in the Chronicle,
26 September 1896 (supplement),
31 August 1901, page 3,
3 February 1923, page 12d:
Among our South Australian industries few take higher rank than which the late William H. Burford established in Adelaide some 56 years ago for the purpose of local candle making and which now embraces the production of tallow, soaps, candles, oils, glycerine, starch, blue, blacking and black lead... (Chronicle, 26 September 1896 (supplement).)
An employees' picnic on Mr Ragless' paddock on the South Road is reported in the Register,
5 November 1889, page 7g,
5 November 1891, page 6e;
7 November 1891, page 7d,
14 March 1896, page 13e,
2 December 1899, page 7b,
17 November 1902, page 4e.
20 November 1905, page 7f.
Also see Adelaide - Picnics and Holidays.
Information on the company's toilet soaps is in the Register,
27 August 1894, page 5b.
Photographs of the company's exhibits at a Chamber of Manufactures Exhibition are in the Chronicle,
15 April 1905, page 28,
of the Dry Creek factory on
25 November 1922, page 32.
Information on the Hindmarsh factory is in the Register,
23 November 1906, page 7d.
Also see Place Names - Hindmarsh.
Biographical details of a long-time employee, Mr John W. Slattery, are in the Register,
13 March 1918, page 8f,
Express, 13 August 1918, page 3c,
of F.A. Bowen in the Register, 23 June 1928, page 18h.
The reminiscences of a long-time company employee, Mr F.A. Bowen, are in The Mail,
19 May 1928, page 10a.
Information on the project at Dry Creek is in the Register,
28 April 1919, page 4d,
1 May 1919, page 4e.
"A Fine New Factory" is in the Advertiser,
16 June 1920, page 9c,
"Huge Soapworks" on
22 November 1922, page 7c.
22 November 1922, page 9f.
"South Australia's First Garden Suburb" is in the Express,
5 April 1923, page 3d,
"New Industrial Suburb to be Created" in The Mail,
7 April 1923, page 7g; also see
4 April 1927, page 6e.
Information on the subdivision is in the Register,
13 July 1922, page 7a-c,
5 April 1923, page 9f,
7 August 1924, page 4c.
An obituary of William Burford, senior, is in the Chronicle,
26 October 1895, page 21c and
his wife on 22 February 1902, page 31b;
that of their son is in The News,
6 March 1925, page 5e,
14 March 1925, page 27a,
of F.R. Burford on 25 August 1928, page 49a;
also see Register, 11 December 1915, page 8i.
A photograph of and information on the Burford brothers are in the Observer,
1 September 1917, pages 25-28b.
An obituary of Mrs Mary Burford is in the Register,
13 May 1921, page 8d,
of William Burford on 7 March 1925, page 9f,
of Frederick R. Burford on 17 August 1928, page 13b.
Biographical details of J.T. Davies are in the Register,
20 July 1928, page 12b.